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Locally produced seasonal food
Produce grown in artificial ecosystems or greenhouses requires a lot of energy for temperatures to be maintained.

Vegetables instead of meat
Ruminant animals (cattle, sheep, and goats) produce large amounts of methane because of the way that their digestive systems process food. Methane is 21 times worse than carbon.

Less beef
Cattle produce 3 times more greenhouse gases than poultry and pigs.

Energy-efficient cooking

Cover pots while cooking
Even better are pressure cookers and steamers: They can save 70% of the required energy!

Don’t use microwave to defrost
Take your food out of the freezer the night before.

Finish cooking with residual heat
Turn off the stove or oven few minutes early and finish cooking with the residual heat!

Boil water in the appropriate quantity
If all Europeans would avoid unnecessarily boiling 1 litre (2 pints) of water per day, the energy saved could power a third of Europe’s streetlights.

Boil water in the kettle instead of on the stovetop
And just as much water as necessary!

Cut vegetable into small pieces
This reduces the cooking time.


Energy-efficient cooling

Fridge and freezer not next to stove
If fridge and freezer are placed next to the stove or boiler they consume much more energy than if they were standing on their own.

Defrost old fridges and freezers regularly
Even better: Newer models with automatic defrost cycles can save up to 300 kg (660 lbs) of carbon emissions.

Don’t put anything hot in the fridge
Allow food to cool down first before placing it in the fridge.

Right temperature
The recommended temperature for a refrigerator is between 1° and 4° C (34° and 39° F) and for freezers -18° C (0° F). Each additional degree below these temperatures increases energy consumption unnecessarily.

Fill up the Freezer
A full freezer uses less energy than an empty one. If needed you can add plastic bottles filled with water or even old newspapers.

Clean dusty coils behind the fridge
Dusty coils behind the refrigerator can increase power consumption by 30%!

Run dishwasher only when it is full
If your dishwasher is only half full use the half-load or economy setting

Low-temperature setting
Detergents are now so effective that dishes get clean at low temperatures.

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