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CDM projects are monitored by the UNFCCC through a rigorous and public registration process. This ensures that only measurable emission reductions are counted. Only after this will CERs be issued. The CDM Executive Board monitors the whole process.

To obtain registration a project must first be approved by the respective Designated National Authority (DNA). Projects are evaluated by a method previously approved by the CDM Executive Board. It is also possible to propose a new method, which is then reviewed by the CDM Executive Board. The CDM Executive Board has approved nearly 100 methods for small and large projects.

CDM projects are controlled on site by the Designated Operational Entity (DOE), an organization accredited by the CDM Executive Board. The DOE is responsible for the project registration and for determining if the emission reductions actually took place. The DOE can then request that the CDM Executive Board issue Certified Emission Reductions Credits (CERs) for these emissions.

There are different types of CDM projects such as rural electrification with solar panels or installation of energy efficient boilers. The statistics show how successful CDM projects are.

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